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  Esna
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Esna is located on the left bank of the River Nile, about 55km south of Luxor. This temple was built by the Greek and Roman rulers and it was dedicated to the ram-headed god Khnum. The text tells us that the Eighteenth Family kings built this temple in the city and that another part was added by the kings of 'Sais' and the temple was finally finished by King Ptolomy. Moreover, during the reign of the Roman emperors , a hall with 24 columns was built to be the temple facade. This great Roman hall is the only trace left from the old temple. The other parts of the temple were destroyed or are buried underneath the modern city. It is also considered one of the most beautiful halls in Egypt because of its accurate dimensions, beautiful columns, the religious texts inscribed on its columns and exterior and interior walls, justifying the theories of the creation of the world and the origins of life. All these texts were inscribed during the reign of the two emperors 'Tragan' and 'Hadrain' during the second century A.D. The last of these inscriptions were added in the reign of 'Dikius' in 250 A.D.

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