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  Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings (what used to be Thebes) lies about 7km from the Nile on the west bank, and must have been one of the most amazing discoveries made in Egypt. It was here that bodies of kings such as Tutankhamoun , Ramses II, Ramses IV, Tutmose III and many other kings once lay. The idea for building this kind of burial ground is thought to have originated with the Pharaoh Tutmose I, who owing to the frequency of tomb robbings (even in those days), decided to have his tomb concealed in a place far away from his mortuary temple and not near the temple as past Pharaohs had been doing. The Pharaohs that followed did the same -- hence changing a tradition that had been going on for close to 2000 years. Within the tombs and along the walls, inscriptions from the Book for the Dead provided instructions for how the Pharaoh may have a safe trip to the next world and how to avoid the dangers that lay on the way. Although not all the tombs are always open to visitors, the more interesting ones usually are. These tombs are also electrically lighted and give a more impressive image, exposing more of the artistic detail. The tombs in the valley of the kings belong to the Eighteenth, Nineteenth and Twentieth Families. They are 62 tombs, including some small tombs which are not considered royal. The total tombs that can be visited are seventeen. Some of them are really worth visiting, such as: - Tomb No. 62 belonging to king Tutankhamoun and No. 35 belonging to king Amenhotob II, for they are characterized by their lovely entrances, passages and their colorful drawings. -Tomb No. 17, which belongs to King Siti I, is considered the most beautiful tomb in the whole valley. -Tomb No. 8 is king Merenbetah's, and is marked by its beautiful coffin and unique drawings. -Tomb No. 11, belonging to King Ramsis III, is known for its splendor and luxury. -Tomb No. 9, which belong to Ramsis the Fifth, was seized by king Ramsis the Sixth and is considered a good example of Ramsis' late art. -Tomb No. 6, which is the tomb of King Ramsis the Ninth, is the last tomb built in the valley.

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